The Prior’s cell should stand near the entrance to your property, so that he may be the first to meet those who approach, and whatever has to be done in consequence may all be carried out as he may decide and order. The Carmelite Rule: The Holy Rule of St. Albert. ", Copyright © 2003 - 2020 THE ORDER OF CARMELITES - www.ocarm.org, Celebrating At Home Christmas - Nativity of the Lord, Celebrating At Home - Fourth Sunday of Advent, Celebrating At Home - Third Sunday of Advent, As Carmelites We live our life of allegiance to Jesus Christ and to serve Him faithfully with a pure heart and a clear conscience through a commitment to seek the face of the living God (the contemplative dimension of life), through prayer, through fraternity, and through service (, develop the contemplative dimension of their life, in an open dialogue with God, meditate day and night on the Word of the Lord, pray together or alone several times a day, live in poverty, placing in common what little they may have. 1. and the Discalced (OCD). The nuns in Dijon fully embraced the deep spirit of prayer of their foundress, and it was that life of asceticism and self-giving that enchanted Elizabeth. They were agreed by the General Councils of both Carmelite Orders and published in 1999. The Secular Carmelites live the prophetic dimension of Christian life and Carmelite spirituality by promoting God’s law of charity and truth in the world, above all by making themselves the voice for those who cannot, on their own, express this love and this truth. The order was approved by Rome in 1226. As Carmelites We live our life of allegiance to Jesus Christ and to serve Him faithfully with a pure heart and a clear conscience through a commitment to seek the face of the living God (the contemplative dimension of life), through prayer, through fraternity, and through service (diakonia). Lay people, known as the Secular Order, follow their contemplative call in their everyday activities.  You other brothers too, hold your Prior in humble reverence, your minds not on him but on Christ who has placed him over you, and who, to those who rule the Churches, addressed these words: Whoever pays you heed pays heed to me, and whoever treats you with dishonour dishonours me; if you remain so minded you will not be found guilty of contempt, but will merit life eternal as fit reward for your obedience. Carmel, in Palestine. Thus, it is today that there are two branches of the Carmelite family: the Ancient Observance (O. The Carmelite Order began with a group of hermits who wished to lead a life like that of Elijah, the solitary one and the prototype of all hermits called to live a life of prayer. The Rule of Carmel.  Since man’s life on earth is a time of trial, and all who would live devotedly in Christ must undergo persecution, and the devil your foe is on the prowl like a roaring lion looking for prey to devour, you must use every care to clothe yourselves in God’s armour so that you may be ready to withstand the enemy’s ambush. To this day it is a rich source of inspiration for life. Rules for Third Order Seculars Before Vatican II. For this reason I lay down that you are to keep silence from after Compline until after Prime the next day. Each of the others must promise him obedience - of which, once promised, he must try to make his deed the true reflection - and also chastity and the renunciation of ownership. The Discalced Carmelites, both nuns and friars, aimed at a more retired and contemplative form of life, in keeping with the spirit of the original 13th century Rule of Life. It is about a spirituality that is experienced and a way of life that is lived. For we have heard that there are certain restless idlers among you. This is the way of holiness and goodness: see that you follow it. The rule of life given to the Carmelites by St. Albert Avogadro between the years 1206 - 1214, was finally approved as the true and proper Rule of Carmel by Innocent IV in 1247 and later underwent mitigations which were not in the original text. Paragraph numbers are in square brackets to indicate that they are not part of the original Rule. It is an inspirational text and expression of a commitment to an ideal. ... was a Discalced Carmelite convent founded in 1605, about twenty years after the death of St. Teresa of Avila. A Rule of Life As you can see, the Secular Carmelite vocation is not the same as a devotion. The Discalced Carmelite life thrives throughout the world. This remains basically the rule that governs our life today, calling us principally: Discalced Carmelite at Prayer To live in allegiance to Jesus Christ, serving him with a pure heart and a good conscience, looking to him alone for salvation, as we obey our superior in a spirit of faith Rooted and grounded in charity, … The sword of the spirit, the word of God, must abound in your mouths and hearts. God made him preacher and teacher of faith and truth to the nations: with him as your teacher you cannot go astray.  Next, each one of you is to have a separate cell, situated as the lie of the land you propose to occupy may dictate, and allotted by disposition of the Prior with the agreement of the other brothers, or the more mature among them. After the Discalced Carmeliteswere divided in 1600 into the Spanish and Italian congregations, both of these maintained exclusion of lay persons but includ… Log in, Brown Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Enrollment in the Brown Scapular makes a person part of the Carmelite family, should be most sensitive to all that concerns holy purity in thought, word and deed, practice humble submission to their confessor or spiritual director, there is no finer form of prayer than the, Spiritual reading will be found most helpful, earnest in offering prayers and good works, exact in the observance of the fasts and abstinences, consider incorporating some or all the fasts, set apart certain times for the practice of such a degree of silence, on their guard against the detestable habit of back-biting, let him first obtain the authorization of his Spiritual Director or Confessor, ‘Manual of the Third Secular Order of our Blessed Lady of Mount Carmel and St Teresa of Jesus’, The Vigils of the feasts of Our Lady of Mount Carmel and the Immaculate Conception, andÂ Corpus Christ,Â the Solemnities of our Holy Father, St. Joseph, our holy Father St. Elijah, our holy Mother St. Teresa of Avila, the feasts of All Saints of Carmel, 0f our holy Father St. John of the Cross. The text known as the Rule of Saint Albert is the foundational document setting out the spirit in which all members of the Carmelite Family are invited to live 'in allegiance to Jesus Christ'. It’s truly a “rule of life” that requires an actual lifestyle change, just like the nuns and friars of our order must undergo. We count many Saints and Blessed among our members. Prayer was to be the great outreach to others, the one and only work of her nuns. According to the OCDS Constitutions and Provincial Statutes, a Secular Carmelite endeavors : 1. The Discalced Carmelites, both nuns and friars, aimed at a more retired and contemplative form of life, in keeping with the spirit of the original 13th-century rule. This site was sanctified by the life and activity of the prophet Elijah in his prayer and struggle against idolatry. As the Prophet also makes known to us: Silence is the way to foster holiness. Around the year 1209, they requested and received a Rule to live by. The Carmelite Rule is a relatively short document composed largely of scripture and is a jewel of inspiration. As you read it, you can see each of the elements of the life as it is lived in the mountains today, just as it was by the original Carmelites on Mt. T he origin of the Order of the Discalced Carmelites is the biblical Mount Carmel in the Holy Land. A year later a set of Statutes to interpret the Third Order Rule was compiled by the Procurator (legal expert) of the Order, Ferdinand Tartaglia. The Discalced Carmelites are a Roman Catholic religious community of priests, brothers, nuns, and laity serving the Church through lives of prayer and ministry, in a fraternal setting. Carmel. The Carmelite nuns live in cloistered (enclosed) monasteriesand follow a completely contemplative life. The Christian Life of the members is inspired and nourished by the spirituality and guidance of the Teresian Carmel. That Rule calls us to practice unceasing prayer in solitude, silence, and a spirit of evangelical vigilance. These three fundamental elements of the charism are not distinct and unrelated values, but closely interwoven. In this respect you have both the teaching and the example of Saint Paul the Apostle, into whose mouth Christ put his own words. Devotion to the Virgin Mary is a characteristic of Carmelites and is symbolis…  On Sundays too, or other days if necessary, you should discuss matters of discipline and your spiritual welfare; and on this occasion the indiscretions and failings of the brothers, if any be found at fault, should be lovingly corrected. ... We find our earliest ‘pattern of life’ outlined in the Rule of St Albert. Put on holiness as your breastplate, and it will enable you to love the Lord your God with all your heart and soul and strength, and your neighbour as yourself. The Carmelite Rule states that it is … Carmel.  You may have as many asses and mules as you need, however, and may keep a certain amount of livestock or poultry. St. Teresa, St. John of the Cross, and St. Therese of the Child Jesus have each been declared a … Let them undertake this one brief voyage of earthly life as a colony of citizens whose homeland is heaven. Frequently they were recluses living in absolute solitude and continual prayer. The hermits living on the mountain asked the patriarch of Jerusalem, St. Albert, to give them a Rule of Life.  If the Prior and the brothers see fit, you may have foundations in solitary places, or where you are given a site suitable and convenient for the observance proper to your Order. Thus it is that today there are two branches of the Carmelite family: the Ancient Observance (O.Carm.) and the Discalced (O.C.D. At sea, however, meat may be eaten.  Many and varied are the ways in which our saintly forefathers laid down how everyone, whatever his station or the kind of religious observance he has chosen, should live a life in allegiance to Jesus Christ - how, pure in heart and stout in conscience, he must be unswerving in the service of the Master.  Your brother B., and whoever may succeed you as Prior, must always keep in mind and put into practice what our Lord said in the Gospel: Whoever has a mind to become a leader among you must make yourself servant to the rest, and whichever of you would be first must become your bondsman. The Discalced Carmelites are a Roman Catholic religious community of priests, brothers, nuns, and laity serving the Church through lives of prayer and ministry, in a fraternal setting. The members of the Third Order of Carmel commit themselves to incarnate the Carmelite vocation set out in this Rule. to "live a life in allegiance to Jesus Christ - how, pure in heart and stout in conscience, must be unswerving in the service of the Master" (no.2). As journeymen from various walks of life, these men gathered close to the spring of the great prophet Elijah. Elsewhere he says: Your strength will lie in silence and hope. We charge people of this kind, and implore them in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, that they earn their own bread by silent toil. Daily Life: The 6 Pillars in the Life of a Secular Discalced Carmelite. Here then is recognized the inspiration of the Carmelite life, dedicated to contemplation in solitude and silence, 'meditating day and night on the Law of the Lord and watching in prayer'. Manual of the Third Secular Order of our Blessed Lady of Mount Carmel and St Teresa of Jesus Rule of the Third Order Seculars (OCDS – Discalced Carmelites) from March 1921 until the changes after Vatican II in October 1970. The Rule of St Albert has a privileged place in the story of Carmel, both as a spiritual document and as a juridical one. Between 1206 and 1214 the hermits on Mount Carmel received, at their request, a rule of life from Albert (later Saint Albert), Patriarch of Jerusalem. The rule, first approved by Pope Honorius III in 1226, was subsequently confirmed by Gregory IX in 1229 and again by Innocent IV in 1245. Our roots go back to twelfth-century hermits on Mount Carmel in the Holy Land. Discalced Carmelite Constitutions  You must give yourselves to work of some kind, so that the devil may always find you busy; no idleness on your part must give him a chance to pierce the defences of your souls.  Albert, called by God’s favour to be Patriarch of the Church of Jerusalem, bids health in the Lord and the blessing of the Holy Spirit to his beloved sons in Christ, B. and the other hermits under obedience to him, who live near the spring on Mount Carmel. To devote a minimum of a half-hour each day to mental prayer or dedication. Member of the Discalced Carmelite Order and a Community that has a structure. This he did about 1208. Like the Prophet, watch your step lest your tongue give offence, and employ every care in keeping silent, which is the way to foster holiness. The Life Of A Carmelite Claire Dwyer. For the charge we gave you when we were with you was this: that whoever is not willing to work should not be allowed to eat either. The rule of life given to the Carmelites by St. Albert Avogadro between the years 1206 - 1214, was finally approved as the true and proper Rule of Carmel by Innocent IV in 1247 and later underwent mitigations which were not in the original text.  Your loins are to be girt with chastity, your breast fortified by holy meditations, for as Scripture has it, holy meditation will save you. The Carmelite friars, while following a contemplative life, also engage in the promotion of spirituality through their retreat centres, parishes and churches.  An oratory should be built as conveniently as possible among the cells, where, if it can be done without difficulty, you are to gather each morning to hear Mass. All of these we live under the protection, inspiration and guidance of Mary, Our Lady of Mount Carmel, whom we honor as "our Mother and sister. Let them strive, with the help of the saints, to understand all the dimensions of the love of Christ which surpasses all knowledge, hurrying with a fervent and true desire to reach that place that the Lord as he was leaving this earth, promised to prepare for us. Therefore in imitation of our Blessed Mother Mary and heeding the call of Jesus, her Son, to “pray always without becoming weary” Secular Carmelites will seek union with God and strive to live in the constant awareness of His presence.  Those who know how to say the canonical hours with those in orders should do so, in the way those holy forefathers of ours laid down, and according to the Church’s approved custom. 6. The origins of the Carmelite Order come from that very place, Mount Carmel, where crusaders and others settled into a common hermit life. It does not just mean adding a couple of daily prayers or adding meetings like prayer group or retreat team. Let all you do have the Lord’s word for accompaniment. The discalced Brothers of the Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel belong to a religious family endowed with its own special charism in God’s people, and called to fulfill a specific role in the Mystical Body of Christ.  You are to abstain from meat, except as a remedy for sickness or feebleness. Usually in April (if ceremonies are held in June), after personal discernment and meeting Faith must be your shield on all occasions, and with it you will be able to quench all the flaming missiles of the wicked one: there can be no pleasing God without faith; and the victory lies in this - your faith.  None of the brothers is to occupy a cell other than that allotted to him, or to exchange cells with another, without leave of whoever is Prior at the time. Carm.) The spirituality of the Carmelite Monks flows from the Carmelite Rule. The Secular Order of Discalced Carmelites (OCDS) is an integral part of the Carmelite Order. But as, when you are on a journey, you more often than not have to beg your way, outside your own houses you may eat foodstuffs that have been cooked with meat, so as to avoid giving trouble to your hosts. The foundation and essence of our vocation is prayer. Those who do not know the hours must say twenty-five ‘Our Fathers’ for the night office, except on Sundays and solemnities when that number is to be doubled so that the ‘Our Father’ is said fifty times; the same prayer must be said seven times in the morning in place of Lauds, and seven times too for each of the other hours, except for Vespers when it must be said fifteen times. Their chapel was dedicated to Our Lady. THE RULE OF SAINT ALBERT . (Rule of Saint Albert, 4) The Primitive Rule therefore, offers a tested doctrine for attaining perfection. They live according to the Rule of St Albert and have their own Constitutions. See that the bounds of common sense are not exceeded, however, for common sense is the guide of the virtues.  None of the brothers must lay claim to anything as his own, but you are to possess everything in common; and each is to receive from the Prior - that is from the brother he appoints for the purpose - whatever befits his age and needs. In 1678 a later Carmelite Prior General, Emilio Giacomellli (sometimes spelt Jacomelli), produced a revised Rule of Life for the Third Order. Aspirant: a person’s introduction to the life of the Secular Carmelite and the time for the Community to get to know an individual. 2. The mitigation of the Rule, adapting it to the new demands of religious life by Pope Innocent IV in 1247, was the point of departure in adapting the Carmelite Order from its hermit origins to a mendicant lifestyle, allowing Carmelites to found their monasteries in cities and devote themselves to preaching and confessing like the other mendicants. Example of a Carmelite Rule of Life for Laity Basic Rule of Life for Laity Based on the ‘Manual of the Third Secular Order of our Blessed Lady of Mount Carmel and St Teresa of Jesus’ (Rule of the Third Order Seculars (OCDS – Discalced Carmelites) from March 1921 until the … Our rich spiritual tradition continues to draw countless men and women to God. conform their will to that of God, seeking the will of God in faith, in dialogue and through discernment. Order of the brothers of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary of Mt. At other times, although you need not keep silence so strictly, be careful not to indulge in a great deal of talk, for as Scripture has it - and experience teaches us no less - Sin will not be wanting where there is much talk, and He who is careless in speech will come to harm; and elsewhere: The use of many words brings harm to the speaker’s soul. The Carmelite order developed from a single community of hermits. Below you can find the text of the Rule. We lived among you, he said, labouring and weary, toiling night and day so as not to be a burden to any of you; not because we had no power to do otherwise but so as to give you, in your own selves, as an example you might imitate. Carmelite spirituality as such is impossible to define. On your head set the helmet of salvation, and so be sure of deliverance by our only Saviour, who sets his own free from their sins. The Secular Order of Discalced Carmelites is an association of the faithful who undertake the pursuit of evangelical perfection in the world. During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, a number of pious women placed themselves under the direction of the Carmelite Friars (fathersand brothers) and, individually or in groups, began to follow the Carmelite Rule adapted to their life's situation. When the Discalced Carmelites were juridically erected in 1593, its superiors retained the power granted by Pope Nicholas V in the bull "Cum nulla fidelium conventio" of 7 October 1452 to incorporate lay persons as members of the Order.  However, you are to eat whatever may have been given you in a common refectory, listening together meanwhile to a reading from Holy Scripture where that can be done without difficulty. The Carmelite Rule states that it is fundamental for a Carmelite. … To live a life of allegiance to Jesus Christ, the Carmelites bind themselves especially to: The Carmelite Rule is the shortest of all known Rules, almost exclusively made up of biblical precepts.  It is to me, however, that you have come for a rule of life in keeping with your avowed purpose, a rule you may hold fast to henceforward; and therefore: The first thing I require is for you to have a Prior, one of yourselves, who is to be chosen for the office by common consent, or that of the greater and maturer part of you.  Each one of you is to stay in his own cell or nearby, pondering the Lord’s law day and night and keeping watch at his prayers unless attending to some other duty. You may want to read it for yourself: The Rule of St Albert In the early years of the thirteenth century, they were given a rule of life by St. Albert, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem.  The Apostle would have us keep silence, for in silence he tells us to work. And our Lord says in the Gospel: Every rash word uttered will have to be accounted for on judgment day. Make a balance then, each of you, to weigh his words in; keep a tight rein on your mouths, lest you should stumble and fall in speech, and your fall be irreparable and prove mortal. The Scapular – the divine shield with which the Apocalyptic Woman originally covers Her “Army of Hermits” [We, Her Teresian (Discalced) Carmelites of Traditional Observance true to the ideal of St. Teresa of Jesus and of St. John of the Cross – the Discalced Brethren of the Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel] is now extended to all the Catholic generations who call Her blessed (St. Lk. ).  You are to fast every day, except Sundays, from the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross until Easter Day, unless bodily sickness or feebleness, or some other good reason, demand a dispensation from the fast; for necessity overrides every law. They were Latin Christians living after the example of St. Elijah the prophet on Mt. The Discalced Carmelites are friars and nuns, who dedicate themselves to a life of prayer. They are composed mainly of lay people, but also of secular clergy. Our roots that go back to twelfth-century hermits on Mount Carmel in the Holy Land. Early on, these hermits asked St. Albert of Jerusalem to give them a simple formula of life which became known as the Rule of St. Albert. Teresa introduced a fresh orientation into Carmelite life combining silence and solitude with community living and giving the life of prayer a specific apostolic role in the Church and the world.  Here then are a few points I have written down to provide you with a standard of conduct to live up to; but our Lord, at his second coming, will reward anyone who does more than he is obliged to do. Introduction. However, the Order forbade lay persons from membership and incorporated this decision into the Constitutions of 1581 and 1592. Mount Carmel, a legendary mountain range, was under the jurisdiction of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, St. Albert Avogadro (1149-1214), a priest of the Canons Regular and a canon lawyer.
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