It originated in Switzerland in the late 18th century and is known for its hallucinogenic properties. Our team aims to be not only thorough with its research, but also objective and unbiased. It was also used as part of an eyewash to promote eye health. Like fennel and licorice, anise seed and star anise have a strong aroma, and their taste is often described as sweet and licorice-like. However, clinical evidence to support the use of fennel for any indication is limited. (10). Because digestive problems like constipation and IBS are so common in adults, fennel makes a great addition to any diet, which is exactly why it’s one of foods recommended for a healing diet. Fennel essential oil and all parts of the plant are used for cooking, baking and as medicine for over 40 types of disorders. The fennel bulb can stay in the refrigerator for about four to five days. The tea tastes a little like licorice, with a relaxing scent and slightly bitter aftertaste. Wild Fennel in California. You may know of it as a flavoring agent in sambuca and absinthe, or maybe your grandmother sliced fennel bulb for you as a remedy for gassiness and indigestion. It is related to other stalk vegetables such as celery and parsnips. Since the time of Hippocrates, it was used as medicine. are clickable links to these studies. Fennel, or finocchio, as it’s called in Italian, is an important ingredient in Sicilian cuisine. Fennel also helped to improve sexual function and sexual satisfaction. The small flowers of wild fennel (mistakenly known in the US as “pollen”) are the most potent part, and the most expensive. Although the exact cause is unknown, antioxidants that help reduce inflammation such as certain flavonoids, vitamin C and zinc, may help improve vision or slow the progress of the disease. Like fennel and anise, licorice helps to ease digestive issues and relieve female reproductive issues, including PMS and menopause. Pros, Cons + How to Use, Top 7 Foods that Boost Testosterone (Plus Testosterone-Killing Foods), What Is Allspice? (21). Want to try out fennel for dinner tonight? Fennel health benefits that are supposed with research include its ability to boost cardiovascular health, improve your skin, aid digestion, increase satiety, relieve colic in infants, prevent cancer, improve eye health and ease menopausal symptoms. Benefits, Uses, Substitutes & More, Bay Leaf Benefits for Digestion, Wounds and Diabetics. Aromatherapy Uses: Fennel smells lovely. The aromatic oils also exert smooth muscle antispasmodic and carminative actions. Fennel, or finocchio, as it’s called in Italian, is an important ingredient in Sicilian cuisine. Learn how your comment data is processed. Eating fennel and its seeds may benefit heart health in a … Fennel contains an oil called anethole that has been shown in some clinical studies to act as a natural cancer remedy, helping to reducing the growth of breast cancer cells. We can use the leaves of fennel in salads as an uncooked salad vegetable. Thinly sliced and ‘pickled’ like you’d pickle red onion. The information in our articles is NOT intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. Wild Fennel Herb Bundle ~ Wicca, Pagan, Hoodoo, Voodoo, Shamanic Ritual Herb, Wild Fennel Flower, Fennel Fern, Fennel Seed Herb IvorySage. (20). Adding fennel to your diet can help balance the pH level within your body, especially within your stomach, and can reduce reflux after meals. (17), And a 2018 systematic and meta-analysis published in the Journal of Menopausal Medicine found that when fennel is used to relieve menopausal symptoms, it helps to reduce vaginal itching, dryness, sleeping issues, and vasomotor symptoms like night sweats, flushes and hot flashes. This Dr. Axe content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure factually accurate information. (14). Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) man received knowledge from Mount Olympus in the form of a fiery coal held in a stalk of fennel Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) (18), Fennel is used as a galactagogue agent for women who are breastfeeding. Researchers analyzed 90 women, ages 45 to 60, who had been postmenopausal for at least one year (no more than five years) and had at least moderate menopausal symptoms. Wild fennel sausage wrapped in caul, with lightly dressed watercress and wild plum Tkemali sauce, for an event I did recently. Fennel is known for its highly aromatic properties, smelling a bit like anise, but with warm and woody undertones. Its bulb can be eaten raw, sauteed, roasted or stewed in soups. Seeds of the wild fennel plant are used to soothe upset stomach and are said … Both plants do have fronds (the little green leaves, not shown here on the dried wild fennel), but the aroma and flavor of the wild fennel is much more licorice-y than the bulb fennel. In 2018, a study published in the Journal of Menopausal Medicine found that when postmenopausal women used fennel to improve their cholesterol, it resulted in a slight positive change in LDL and HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. Fennel, star anise and anise seed all contain anethole, an aromatic compound that’s believed to fight off cancer, inflammation and diabetes. It is basically grown in fields and gardens. Potassium is critical to help lower blood pressure and as well as maintain fluid balance. Fennel has been used in many cultures for its medicinal properties. Though its delicate yellow flowers and tasty leaves are appealing, fennel is actually considered an invasive weed in the U.S. and Australia. Additionally, fiber acts like a small brush as it moves through the digestive system, clearing the colon of toxins that could potentially cause colon cancer. Fennel itself can act like a laxative, helping with elimination of toxins. It was even added to loaves of bread for added flavor and to make it easier to digest. Fennel has been used as a flavoring agent, a scent, and an insect repellent, as well as an herbal remedy for poisoning and GI conditions. In a contest of a Longevity Diet it is very important to daily add spices and wild herbs. The recipes above are all about using Wild Fennel. It is highly beneficial to reduce digestive cramping, gas, and bloating. Fennel is an effective treatment for respiratory congestion and is … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Fennel is mainly native to the Mediterranean region and also cultivated in Asia, Europe, North America, and Australia. Other Common Names: Large fennel, sweet fennel, wild fennel, sweet cumin, finnochio, fänkål (Swedish), hinojo (Spanish), Fenchel (German), fennikel (Danish), hui-hsiang (Chinese), fenouil (French), fennika (Icelandic). You can use it in cooking, mix it with fish, meat, and vegetables. 30 Gluten-Free Recipes A serving of hot tea i… Most people are lacking in fiber intake, consuming only an average of 7 grams per day, therefore adding fennel to your diet could help double your intake! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Even the seeds, which hold the largest share of spice flavor, are commonly used to season pickles and cookies. Fennel bulb can be chopped and added to salads, slaws, pasta dishes and more. Fennel is high in vitamin C, providing almost half of the recommended daily allowance in just one bulb. The Greeks would use fennel during their ceremonies because it symbolized pleasure and prosperity. Homemade Wild Fennel Liqueur recipe. A deficiency in vitamin C is called scurvy, which manifests in the inability to properly form collagen, leading to bleeding gums and bleeding below the skin. In a 2003 study, researchers compared fennel seed oil with a placebo in 125 infants. In traditional medicine, fennel is used to treat a range of ailments, from simple issues like the common cold and cough, to more complicated conditions like cancer, arthritis, colic, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, liver pain and kidney issues. One of my favourite recipes is to cook carrots in lots of butter, a little salt and sugar and a splash of water. Anise is used as a spice to add flavor to a variety of dishes. Although the taste may take some getting used to at first, fennel provides an enormous amount of health benefits. Participants either received fennel or placebo capsules daily for eight weeks. Fennel has been used in many cultures for its medicinal properties. It grows wild across Sicily throughout spring and into summer, and is the principal ingredient after sardines for pasta con le sarde. Ingredients. 3. Fennel is also used to make absinthe, an alcohol beverage that’s very high in alcohol (45 to 74 percent ABV) and known for its natural green color. With the slight sweetness of apples and the amazing nutrition of fennel, your whole family will be coming back for seconds! Researchers conclude that fennel may help ease menopausal symptoms in women with low estrogen levels as well as those who have experienced early menopause or have had a hysterectomy or oophorectomy. It is commonly harvested in the fall and usually shows up traditionally in fall or winter recipes. Fennel contains many of these vision-saving nutrients. One bulb also provides 969 milligrams of potassium or 27 percent of the recommended daily amount. In traditional Chinese medicine, it is used to help with a variety of ailments from congestion to helping increase the flow of breast milk. These latter help to reduce the amount of salt when cooking and exploit all the phytotherapeutical benefits. The peak growing season for fennel is autumn and winter. A diet high in fiber can help to reduce the overall risk of heart attacks and stroke by helping to lower blood cholesterol to a normal level. It tastes similar to anise and is also highly aromatic. It’s a traditional and popular herb with a very long history of medicine use in ancient Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. It would calm digestive issues in infants and was also given to mothers during childbirth. Fennel is very popular as an antiflatulent, due to the carminative properties of the aspartic acid found in it. Botanical Name of Fennel: Foeniculum vulgare. Potassium works against sodium, helping to fight high blood pressure in the body. In the lemon dish is a wild fennel pate’ that I brought home from Palermo. & detox juicing guide. 5 out of 5 stars (79) 79 reviews $ 7.50. With its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-tumor and antispasmodic properties, just to name a few, it’s obvious why fennel has been viewed as a valuable plant for thousands of years. Dr. Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world...Sign up to get VIP access to his eBooks and valuable weekly health tips for FREE! Habitat: Fennel is circumpolar (that is, can be found all over the globe). Researchers also point out ginger, peppermint, citrus fruits, dandelion and chamomile for their ability to aid digestion as well. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. If your kitchen is usually stocked with a variety of herbs and ... Bay leaf is often called for in recipes like soups and sauces ... Cannabidiol, or CBD, Benefits for Pain, Mental Illness & Anxiety, Detox Your Liver: Try My 6-Step Liver Cleanse, Apple Cider Vinegar Benefits and Uses (30! Fennel seeds can be dried and used to make a potent and strong-smelling tea. Licorice is also helpful for people struggling with respiratory conditions, leaky gut and adrenal fatigue. Like anise and licorice, fennel is also used to fight bacterial, fungal and viral infections. Fennel has a rich history of use because of its many nutritious properties. It served as a symbol of wellness and pleasure. The pollen is collected from flowers that are in full bloom and then dried before using. The muscles in the digestive system need dietary fiber to provide bulk for the gastrointestinal muscles to push against and increase motility or movement. (13), Other anti-inflammatory nutrients are also found in fennel, specifically selenium, a trace mineral that may help decrease cancer mortality rates. The group treated with fennel seed oil was reported to have 65 percent less colic, measured by crying episodes, than those in the control group, with no side effects. The stalks should be bundled together and not flowering. The fennel bulb contains a number of phenolic compounds, including bioflavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins, coumarins and hydroxycinnamic acids. Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Wild Fennel As Medicine Herbalists will prescribe fennel for increasing lactation, promoting menstruation, facilitating birth, and increasing libido. You can eat fennel bulb raw, you can sauté it or roast it with other vegetables. It contains only trace amounts of fat and no cholesterol. Fennel also contains magnesium, phosphorus and vitamin K, which all play a role in maintaining bone strength. Fennel is exceptionally high in fiber, with each bulb providing 7 grams of dietary fiber or 28 percent of your daily needs. Bring subtle anise spice to a vinaigrette by adding a teaspoon of wild fennel pollen to a cup of vinaigrette. The foliage is feathery and is similar to dill, and all of its parts are edible. Small-group Tours of Sicily and Customized Sicily Travel. Fennel may also be beneficial for people with acid reflux. Fennel is also high in other potentially cardio-protective vitamins such as folate and vitamin C. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of age-related vision loss. The volatile oils contained in the seed stimulate the mucus membranes in the digestive tract, encouraging motility and peristalsis. Fennel seeds are also used … Probably because the climate is similar to fennel’s Mediterranean homeland. The leaves are simple and linear and are 2–15 cm in length. But wild fennel isn’t the same as the bulb fennel that we are familiar with in the US. Since fennel contains 7 grams of dietary fiber, it can help maintain a healthy digestive system. Infuse the alcohol with the wild fennel leaves and its seeds crushed in a mortar and leave for at least 10 days in a hermetically sealed container. Vitamin C is a potent antioxidantthat may help reduce the free radical damage that can lead to premature aging. People taking beta-blockers, which is typically prescribed to help control blood pressure, can also have elevated potassium levels and may need to avoid fennel. The fennel plant is used in many culinary traditions. Raw in just about anything. It is believed that anethole reduces inflammation that may lead to the development of cancer, although further research is needed to determine how it can be used exactly. (4). I also use the stalks of the leaves as I love the crunch factor! Wild fennel pollenis also used as a rub for meat and fish and is an inexpensive alternative for saffron. But fennel has actually been used for its nutritious properties since ancient times and it plays an important role in traditional medicine. Fennel is recognized by its white bulb and long green stalks. It has also been used as a stimulant to promote lactation and menstruation as well as to improve symptoms in postmenopausal women. Fennel can help lower blood pressure and inflammation due to its high potassium content and low sodium content. Some of the oils found in fennel do help stimulate the secretion of digestive juices. Infant colic, although a relatively benign medical condition, can have a significant impact on new parents. Fennel is known for its anise- and licorice-like flavor. Fennel tea can be purchased in almost any supermarket or health food store. They look different because they are. It is a great addition to any winter dish to provide a unique, slightly sweet and warming flavor. Fennel seeds are rich in flavonoid antioxidants and they contain a concentrated source of micronutrients. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant, which may help slow aging as well as maintain a healthy immune system. Add some fronds to this rich stock and cook the carrots whole for at least 30 or 40 minutes, until tender. In this photo, to show you the difference, on the left is domesticated bulb fennel–not the same plant or ingredient as what is used in pasta con le sarde, and next to it is a dried wild fennel stalk and its flower. Its extract can be used by everyone, from infants to the elderly, as a way to reduce flatulence and to expel excess gas from the stomach. Most parents of a colicky infant would probably try almost anything to soothe their crying child. (11, 12). It doesn’t taste like fennel seed or anise, so it truly adds a different flavor to food. Fennel is also high in vitamin C, providing 28 milligrams per bulb or almost half of the recommended daily amount for this critical vitamin. For centuries, fennel has been used in various Mediterranean countries for cooking and baking. Although for most people fennel is a great, healthy vegetable choice, people with certain medical conditions may have to limit or avoid the consumption of fennel. Saute onion over low or medium heat for 10-15 minutes until soft and almost browned. Method. But researchers have found that fennel seed oil has been shown to reduce pain and increase motility in the small intestine, making it can excellent natural remedy for colic.Fennel also helps to calm the infant and reduce abdominal distension. Increasing fiber intake, by adding fennel and other high fiber foods to the diet, may be a simple way to effortlessly feel more satisfied and to experience weight loss. Fennel is a tall herb with hollow stems and yellow flowers. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. The current medication used for colic, called Dicyclomine hydrochloride, can have some serious side effects and may not be consistently effective. 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